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Show Notes The Alleged Certainty Fallacy is committed when someone makes a claim and then alleges that everyone knows it's true, thereby avoiding the need to offer any evidence.   Trump We started out with Trump being unable to name a crime that Obama committed, so claiming that it's obvious to everyone: And then, in...

Show Notes The Historical Fallacy is committed when someone assumes the current situation was always inevitable and ignores or denies the context of what led up to it..   Trump We started out with this clip of Tucker Carlson lying about why the curve was flattened: Mark's British Politics Corner Mark stepped right outside his remit...

Show Notes The No True Scotsman Fallacy is committed when your existing definition of a particular group is challenged by a member who doesn't fit the criteria. Rather than adjust the definition, the offending group member is redefined as a non-member of the group. The name comes from an example given in...

Show Notes The Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy describes a situation where someone collects or examines a large amount of data without deciding in advance exactly what they're testing, then chooses a sample which provides evidence for their existing opinion. It's based on a story where an inexperienced gunman fires indiscriminately at the...

Show Notes Invincible Ignorance describes a situation where, no matter how much evidence is presented or how clearly they are wrong, a fallacious arguer simply refuses to waver from their original position. We started out with this clip of Trump talking to Hugh Hewitt in 2015: And we followed that up with this...

Show Notes Typically, the burden of proof lies with the person making the claim. The more outrageous the claim, the more the claimant should be expected to provide evidence before anyone is likely to believe him. When the claimant instead challenges others to prove his claim is not true he is Shifting...

Show Notes The Counterfactual fallacy is often committed when someone speculates on the specifics of how things would be different in different circumstances, or in the future if a particular thing happens. Where the arguer purports to have more certainty of the hypothetical situation, or their speculation goes against evidence, they...

Show Notes The Equivocation fallacy relies on using a word with more than one meaning to set up a misleading argument. Often the word will be used in one sense in the premise, and in the other sense in the conclusion, implying that because the word is the same, the meanings...

Show Notes Begging the Question is one of those phrases that has come to mean something different over time. Colloquially, it is used to mean ‘raising the question’, but the original meaning is the one invoked by this fallacy, and it’s fun to point out that people are using the phrase...

Show Notes People often make decisions based on emotion rather than logic, so appealing to that emotion can be a very useful technique when you're trying to persuade someone. However, to be part of an effective logical argument emotion has to be used to back up the argument, rather than form...

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